In this 3-part blog, we focus on the essentials of essay writing in English. In Part 1, we look at the essay structure, the introduction and paragraphing. In Part 2, we look at quotations, citations, paraphrases, references and conclusions. In Part 3, we look at language, including academic style and grammar.
This is a simple and fairly prescriptive overview, which we hope will help any student new to writing essays in English. We know that there is no magic formula for writing essays. But, we do believe that some elements are, to a certain extent, formulaic. In other words, if you follow the advice below, you shouldn’t be breaking any UK academic norms or conventions. Once you’ve written several essays and understand the ‘rules of the game’, so to speak, then by all means feel free to bend them and exercise to the full your academic literacies.
1. Essay structure
Essays normally contain the following sections (unmarked by headings/sub-headings within the essay):
2. The introduction
Ways of introducing the essay structure:
In this essay I will firstly … and then …
This essay will first of all … and then …
In the first section of this essay I will …
Here is an example introduction from a student with the key features above colour-coded:
3. Paragraphing the main body
A paragraph should have
- Unity (one main idea)
- Coherence (ideas follow logically and are understandable to your reader)
Here is an example paragraph from a student with the key features above colour-coded:
Within the context of an essay, the topic sentences and concluding sentences will have to perform additional tasks:
- show how paragraphs are related to each other (using transition signals, e.g. ‘In addition’ / ‘A further example of … is…’ / ‘Furthermore’ / ‘However’ / ‘On the other hand’ /’While this may be true…’
- show how a new topic is related to the essay title. This is often done through quoting key words from the essay title. E.g. ‘In terms of the benefits of studying abroad…’ / ‘With reference to developing real English …’
- sum up how the content has contributed to your argument. E.g. ‘Thus, it is clear that…’ / ‘Thus, it can be seen that…’ / ‘Therefore,…’ / ‘Clearly, then…’
If you have any questions about any of the above or if you'd like us to look at your work and give you feedback, then do get in touch with us.